These exercises demonstrate how arrays of objects in Java are actually arrays of references (memory addresses).

These exercises are part of a collection intended to be covered in the order below.

The exercises below use the same Coordinate2D class the other resources above.

Note: Arrays.toString returns a formatted String containing the values in its array parameter. In the case of an array of objects, the toString method of each object is run. Arrays.toString is not part of the AP CS A Java Subset.

Exercise 1: Shallow copy

Coordinate2D[] coors = new Coordinate2D[3];
coors[0] = new Coordinate2D(1, 1);
coors[1] = new Coordinate2D(2, 2);
coors[2] = new Coordinate2D(3, 3);

System.out.println(Arrays.toString(coors));
// prints: [(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3)]

Coordinate2D[] coors2 = new Coordinate2D[3];

for(int i = 0; i < coors2.length; i++)
    coors2[i] = coors[i];

coors2[0] = new Coordinate2D(4, 4);

coors2[1].setX(5);
coors2[1].setY(5);

System.out.println(Arrays.toString(coors));

System.out.println(Arrays.toString(coors2));

What is printed by the last 2 print statements in the code above?

Exercise 1 solution & explanation

Exercise 2: Deep copy

Coordinate2D[] coors = new Coordinate2D[3];
coors[0] = new Coordinate2D(1, 1);
coors[1] = new Coordinate2D(2, 2);
coors[2] = new Coordinate2D(3, 3);

System.out.println(Arrays.toString(coors));
// prints: [(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3)]

Coordinate2D[] coors2 = new Coordinate2D[3];

for(int i = 0; i < coors2.length; i++)
    coors2[i] = new Coordinate2D(coors[i].getX(), coors[i].getY());

coors2[0] = new Coordinate2D(4, 4);

coors2[1].setX(5);
coors2[1].setY(5);

System.out.println(Arrays.toString(coors));

System.out.println(Arrays.toString(coors2));

What is printed by the last 2 print statements in the code above?

Exercise 2 solution & explanation

Exercise 3: Row in 2D array

This exercise uses a 2D array. See Intro to 2D arrays for details of 2D arrays in Java.

Arrays.deepToString is a method to quickly produce formatted output. It is not covered on the AP CS A Exam. The format of the output below has been adjusted for readability.

int[][] mat = new int[][] {
    {1, 2, 3},
    {4, 5, 6},
    {7, 8, 9}
};

System.out.println(Arrays.deepToString(mat));
// prints:
// [[1, 2, 3],
//  [4, 5, 6],
//  [7, 8, 9]]

int[] row = mat[1];

row[0] = 0;

System.out.println(Arrays.deepToString(mat));

What is printed by the 2nd print statement in the code above?

Exercise 3 solution & explanation

The first two 2D array exercises, rowSwap and colSwap, are relevant to this exercise.

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